On the same day, Ministers Gates and Rice held secret briefings for U.S. lawmakers behind closed doors, and none of the officials commented on reporters. Democratic Congressman William Delahunt said, “There was no meaningful consultation with Congress during the negotiations on this agreement and the American people were totally excluded in all respects.” And Oona Hathaway, a law professor at the University of California, Berkeley, called the lack of consultation with the U.S. Congress unprecedented, saying aspects of the deal went beyond the independent constitutional powers of the U.S. president.  Some anonymous U.S. officials and specialists who follow the war have argued that they believe that parts of the agreement can be circumvented and that other parts could be open to interpretation, including parties that give Iraq legal responsibility for U.S. soldiers who commit crimes off-base and off-duty, the party, which requires US troops to seek Iraqi authorization for all military operations and the part that prohibits the US from staging attacks against other countries from Iraq.  For example, government officials have argued that Iraqi prosecutions of U.S. soldiers could take three years, and the U.S. will have withdrawn from Iraq in accordance with the terms of the agreement. In the meantime, U.S. troops will remain under the jurisdiction of the U.S.
Uniform Code of Military Justice. Michael E. O`Hanlon, of the Brookings Institution`s research group, said there were “those areas that are not as clear as Iraqis would like to think.”  The governments of the United States of America and the Republic of Iraq reaffirmed their strategic partnership at a meeting of the Services, Technology, Environment and Transportation (STET) Joint Coordinating Committee (JCC) under the Strategic Framework Agreement (SFA) held on September 25, 2013 in Washington, D.C. Iraq`s Deputy Minister of Transportation, Mr. Bangen Rekani, and the U.S. Department of […] On November 17, 2008, Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshiyar Zebari and U.S. Ambassador Ryan Crocker signed the agreement at an official ceremony.  The SFA establishes the framework for defining the long-term economic, diplomatic, cultural and security relations between the two countries. It implies a broad U.S. commitment to “support and strengthen Iraqi democracy and its democratic institutions.
and, in this way, to improve Iraq`s ability to protect those institutions from all internal and external threats and to “strengthen the capacity of the Republic of Iraq to deter all threats to its sovereignty, security and territorial integrity”, by encouraging close cooperation in the field of defence and security. On 16 November 2008, the Iraqi Cabinet approved the agreements; on 27 November, the Iraqi parliament ratified it; On December 4, the Iraqi Presidential Council approved the security pacts.  In addition, it calls for the establishment of a “Senior Coordination Committee” to monitor the progress of the agreement, develop specific objectives and meet regularly. The current policy dialogue is part of these regular discussions and is the most important series of discussions under the SFA in the last ten years. In December 2008, the American George W. The Bush administration and the Iraqi Government Ofuri al-Maliki have signed two agreements, the Status of the Armed Forces Agreement (SOFA) and the Strategic Framework Agreement (SFA). . . .