Although the U.S. and Canada have the longest undeeper border in the world, Dixon Entrance is one of four long-standing border disputes between friendly neighbors. The roots of the conflict go back to the 18th century; a time when the colonizing actors of the Alaska Panhandle region (the narrow strip of mountains, fjords and Channel Islands bordering present-day British Columbia) were England and Russia, followed by the United States. Thus, the people of the coast clean and clean streams and rivers to protect salmon grounds. Schoolchildren receive lessons at their local salmon hatcheries and release newly hatched juveniles into rivers each spring. Natives sing salmon at home across rivers and mountain ranges. And the fishermen of Dixon Entrance carefully monitor their part of the ocean, always looking for border violations, ready to call a 1-800 number to settle a diplomatic dispute. This laid down the conditions for a territorial dispute. The local native populations were soon overwhelmed by disease and war, and throughout the period of Russian colonization, the southern and eastern borders of the Alaskan panhandle were never firmly established. The 1825 Treaty of St. Petersburg between England and Russia established the southern coastal boundary of the panhandle near present-day Prince Rupert, British Columbia – but the area was so mountainous that much of it remained imaged. In 1867, the United States bought Alaska from Russia. A few years later, British Columbia joined Canada.
Ottawa suggested to Washington, D.C., that it was time to conduct a formal Panhandle study so the two countries could agree on the border, but the U.S. deemed the effort too costly for such a remote piece of land. Parts of the international boundary cross mountainous terrain or heavily forested areas, but significant portions also cross remote farmland from the Prairies and the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River, in addition to the maritime components of the boundary over the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic Oceans. The border also crosses the middle of the Akwesasne Nation and even divides some buildings into communities in Vermont and Quebec. Located between Haida Gwaii on British Columbia`s north coast and the southern tip of the Alaska Panhandle, the nutrient-rich waters of Dixon Entrance, which attract orcas, albatrosses and five species of salmon, flow to the rocky coasts and verdant forests of Prince of Wales Island and the mainland. At one point, as we were sailing through the waves, we left Canadian waters and arrived in the United States. But in reality, the only way we knew we had traveled from country to country was for our electronic devices to go back an hour to Alaska Standard Time after passing a Canadian fishing patrol boat looking for border offenders. The British Columbia border along the adjacent United States begins southwest of Vancouver Island and northwest of the Olympic Peninsula, at the terminus of international waters in the Pacific Ocean.  It follows Juan de Fuca`s road to the east and turns northeast to enter Haro Street. The border follows the strait northward, but turns sharply east through Boundary Pass, separating the Canadian Gulf Islands from the American San Juan Islands.
Arriving at the Strait of Georgia, the border turns north and then northwest, dividing the strait north to the 49th parallel. After a sharp turn to the east, the boundary of this parallel crosses the Tsawwassen Peninsula, separating Point Roberts, Washington, from Delta, British Columbia, and continuing into Alberta. All of Canada and the United States. . . .